What are the various addressing modes of 8086? Discuss them with proper examples?

Subject Microprocessor and Assembly Language
NU Year Set: 4.(b) Marks: 10 Year: 2009

The way of specifying data to be operated by an instruction is known as addressing modes. This specifies that the given data is an immediate data or an address. It also specifies whether the given operand is register or register pair.

Types of addressing modes:

  1. Register mode – In this type of addressing mode both the operands are registers.
    Example:
    MOV AX, BX
    XOR AX, DX
    ADD AL, BL
  2. Immediate mode – In this type of addressing mode the source operand is a 8 bit or 16 bit data. Destination operand can never be immediate data.
    Example:
    MOV AX, 2000
    MOV CL, 0A
    ADD AL, 45
    AND AX, 0000

    Note that to initialize the value of segment register an register is required.

  3. MOV AX, 2000
    MOV CS, AX 
  4. Displacement or direct mode – In this type of addressing mode the effective address is directly given in the instruction as displacement.
    Example:
    MOV AX, [DISP]
    MOV AX, [0500]
  5. Register indirect mode – In this addressing mode the effective address is in SI, DI or BX.
    Example:
    MOV AX, [DI]
    ADD AL, [BX]
    MOV AX, [SI] 
  6. Based indexed mode – In this the effective address is sum of base register and index register.
    Base register: BX, BP
    Index register: SI, DI 

    The physical memory address is calculated according to the base register.
    Example:

    MOV AL, [BP+SI]
    MOV AX, [BX+DI]
  7. Indexed mode – In this type of addressing mode the effective address is sum of index register and displacement.
    Example:
    MOV AX, [SI+2000]
    MOV AL, [DI+3000]
  8. Based mode – In this the effective address is the sum of base register and displacement.
    Example:
    MOV AL, [BP+ 0100]
  9. Based indexed displacement mode – In this type of addressing mode the effective address is the sum of index register, base register and displacement.
    Example:
    MOV AL, [SI+BP+2000] 
  10. String mode – This addressing mode is related to string instructions. In this the value of SI and DI are auto incremented and decremented depending upon the value of directional flag.
    Example:
    MOVS B
    MOVS W 
  11. Input/Output mode – This addressing mode is related with input output operations.
    Example:
    IN A, 45
    OUT A, 50 
  12. Relative mode –
    In this the effective address is calculated with reference to instructio pointer.
    Example:
    JNZ 8 bit address
    IP=IP+8 bit address 
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